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Mieczysław Gogacz

Mieczysław Gogacz – a Polish philosopher and theologian, a Thomist, the founder of consequent Thomism. He was born on 17 November 1926 in Nadróż near Rypino. He attended school in Obory, living near the Carmelite monastery and the Sanctuary of St. Mary, which influenced his spirituality and intellectual development. He could no longer go to school when the war broke out. During the German occupation the inhabitants of his homeland, i.e. the Dobrzyn Land, which was annexed by the Reich, were treated in a particularly brutal manner. After the war he continued his education in the Rypin junior high school, and then at the bishop’s secondary school in Płock where he obtained his secondary school certificate as an extramural student. The same year he took up his philosophical studies at the Catholic University of Lublin (KUL).

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Stanisław Kamiński

Stanisław Kamiński – a Polish priest of the Siedlce diocese (in the Podlasie region), a philosopher, methodologist, historian of logic and science, a logologist. He was born on 24 October 1919 in Radzyń Podlaski, and died on 21 March 1986 in Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany). In 1938 he graduated from the secondary school (bishop’s secondary school) in Siedlce and he took up philosophical and theological studies at the Theological Seminary of the Siedlce diocese (Podlasie) in Janów Podlaski. The school was closed in 1939 and reopened in 1941 in Siedlce. In 1946 he was ordained priest. The same year he started his philosophical studies at the Faculty of Christian Philosophy of the Catholic University of Lublin. During that period, in 1947 he started didactic work teaching logic at the Faculty of Law and Social Sciences. Then, in 1949, at the Faculty of Christian Philosophy of KUL he obtained the doctor’s degree based on the doctoral thesis “Fregego dwuwartościowy system aksjomatyczny zmiennych zdaniowych w świetle współczesnej metodologii nauk dedukcyjnych” [Frege’s Bivalent Axiomatic System of Task Variables in the Light of the Modern Methodology of Deductive Sciences].

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Kazimierz Kloskowski

Kazimierz Kloskowski – a Polish priest and philosopher. He was born on 20 August 1953 in Gdańsk. After graduating from the 6th Secondary School in Gdańsk, he started attending the Bishop’s Seminary in Gdańsk-Oliwa. He was ordained priest on 18 December 1977. He obtained the degree of the Master of Theology for the thesis “Nauka o Logosie w dziełach Filona z Aleksandrii i w hymnie Prologu Czwartej Ewangelii” [The Logos Teaching in the Works of Philo of Alexandria and in the Hymn of the Fourth Gospel Prologue], written under the supervision of Rev. Grzegorz Gólski CM, Ph.D. In 1978–1981 he studied at the Faculty of Christian Philosophy of the Academy of Catholic Theology (ATK) in Warsaw (today: Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw). He obtained the master of philosophy diploma (specialisation: philosophy of nature) in 1981 on the basis of the thesis “Koncepcja abiogenezy w pracach Reinharda W. Kapłana” [The Concept of Abiogenesis in the Works of Reinhard W. Kapłan], and in 1984 he became the doctor of philosophy based on the doctoral thesis entitled “Rola przypadku w genezie życia” [The Role of Contingency in the Origin of Life].

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Kazimierz Kłósak

Kazimierz Kłósak – a Polish philosopher, neo-Scholastic, representative of Louvain Thomism, theologian. He was born on 1 January 1911 in Żółkiew (now located in Ukraine). He completed his philosophical and theological studies at the Jagiellonian University (UJ) where in 1934 he obtained the doctor’s degree based on the thesis “Tomizm w ujęciu Jakuba Maritaina” [Thomism According to Jacques Maritain], written under the supervision of prof. Konstanty Michalski. His philosophical views were strongly influenced by the fact that he studied in Rome and Louvain. From 1945 he taught philosophy at UJ, and from 1957 – also at the Archbishop’s Theological Seminary in Krakow. In 1951 he was asked to cooperate with the Commission of Philosophy of the Polish Academy of Learning. In 1954 he started working at the Academy of Catholic Theology (ATK) in Warsaw – he taught philosophical subjects and as the head of the Chair of the Philosophy of Nature.

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Feliks Koneczny

Feliks Karol Koneczny – a historian, civilisation theoretician, philosopher of history, and theatre critic. He was born on 1 November 1862 in Krakow, and he died there on 10 February 1949. After completing St Hyacinth Secondary School in Krakow in 1883, he took up studies at the Faculty of Philosophy of the Jagiellonian University where, under the supervision of professors Stanisław Smolka, Wincenty Zakrzewski and Michał Bobrzyński, he studied history. In 1888 he obtained the doctor’s degree based on the doctoral thesis “Najdawniejsze stosunki Inflant z Polską do roku 1393” [The Oldest Relations between Livonia and Poland until 1393]. As a member of the Polish Academy of Learning, in 1889–1890 he carried out research in the Vatican Archive. After coming back from Rome, he worked at the Polish Academy of Learning (until 1897).

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Mieczysław A. Krąpiec

Mieczysław Albert Krąpiec – a Polish priest, Dominican, philosopher, theologian, humanist and outstanding teacher who influenced generations of philosophers. He was definitely one of the greatest Polish philosophers, which is confirmed by his numerous accomplishments, and especially by the first Polish 10-volume “Powszechna encyklopedia filozofii” [Universal Encyclopaedia of Philosophy] – his crowning achievement. He was born on 25 May 1921 in Berezowica Mała in the Podole region, and died on 8 May 2008 in Lublin. In 1939 he completed the Wincenty Pol Classical Secondary School in Tarnopol and joined the Dominican Order in Krakow. During the German occupation he studied at the Dominican Institute of Philosophy and Theology in Krakow.

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Piotr Lenartowicz

Piotr Lenartowicz – a Polish priest, Jesuit, philosopher, doctor and biologist. He was born on 25 August 1934 in Warsaw. He died on 10 October 2012 in the Krakow Jesuit College. In 1951 he passed his secondary school final exams in Jan Sobieski III Secondary School in Krakow. A year later he started studying at the Faculty of Medicine of the Medical University in Warsaw where, in 1958, he obtained the diploma of medicine physician. From 1956 he worked as an assistant at the Institute of the Man’s Physiology of the Medical University in Warsaw, and from 1958 – also at the Institute of Physiology of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw. He defended his doctoral thesis entitled “Wpływ soli amonowych na elektrokortikogram i korowe potencjały bezpośrednio wywołane” [The Influence of Ammonium Salts on Electrocorticography and Directly Induced Cortical Potentials] in 1961 at the Faculty of Medicine of the Medical University in Warsaw.

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Tadeusz Styczeń

Tadeusz Józef Styczeń – a Polish philosopher and ethicist. He was born on 21 December 1931 in the Wołowice village near Krakow. He died on 14 October 2010 in Trzebnica. In 1947 he graduated from Władysław Sikorski Secondary School in Krakow and he started the novitiate at the Society of the Divine Saviour (the Salvatorians) in Bagno near Wrocław. He took his perpetual vows in 1953 in Trzebinia, and in 1955 he was ordained priest. In 1949–1955 he studied at the Faculty of Theology of the Jagiellonian University, and, after closing that faculty, at the Dominican Philosophical and Theological Institute in Krakow. In 1955 he took up philosophical studies at the Catholic University of Lublin where in 1959 he obtained the master’s degree (based on the thesis “Koncepcja cnoty u N. Hartmanna” [The Concept of Virtue According to N. Hartmann]), and in 1963 he obtained the Doctor’s degree on the basis of the dissertation “Możliwość etyki naukowej u Johna Locke’a” [The Possibility of Scientific Ethics According to John Locke]. Both theses were prepared under the supervision of Karol Wojtyła.

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Tadeusz Ślipko

Tadeusz Tomasz Ślipko – a Polish Jesuit, an ethicist. He was born on 18 January 1918 in Stratyń, in the Rohatyn region. He attended the King Władysław Jagiełło Primary and Secondary School in Gródek Jagielloński. He passed his secondary school finals in 1936. A year later he started studying geology at the Faculty of Maths and Science of Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv, and in 1938 – Polish literature and History at the Faculty of Humanities. On 12 October 1939 he joined the Society of Jesus and here, from 1941 to 1944, he studied philosophy at the Faculty of Philosophy of the Society of Jesus in Krakow, which – because of the war – was moved to Nowy Sącz. He studied theology in 1944–1948 at the Jesuit Faculty of Theology of Bobolanum, where he obtained his BA in theology and philosophy. In 1947 he was ordained priest by the bishop of Przemyśl – Franciszek Barda.

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Józef Tischner

Józef Stanisław Tischner – a Polish priest, a philosopher. He was born on 12 March 1931 in Stary Sącz. He was the eldest son of Józef and Weronika (family name: Chowaniec) who were teachers at the school in Łopuszna (their other sons’ names were Marian and Kazimierz). In 1937 he started his education at the local school. When the Second World War broke out, the Tischner family had to move to Chabówka, then to Raba Wyżna, and in 1942 – to Rogoźnik. After the war, Tischner graduated from the junior high school in Nowy Targ. In 1949 he passed his finals at the Seweryn Goszczyński (humanistic) secondary school in Nowy Targ. The same year Józef Tischner started studying, first at the Faculty of Law of the Jagiellonian University (UJ), and then – as early as in May 1950 – he submitted documents to the Metropolitan Seminary in Krakow and moved from the Faculty of Law to the faculty of Theology. On 26 June 1955 he was ordained priest at the Wawel Cathedral by bishop Franciszek Jop.

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Karol Wojtyła

Karol Wojtyła – a Polish Catholic priest, a metropolitan bishop of Krakow, the 264th Pope of the Catholic Church – John Paul II. A philosopher and theologian, ethicist and pedagogue, a poet and playwright. He was born on 18 May 1920 in Wadowice and died on 2 April 2005 in Vatican. From 1930 to 1938 he attended the 8-year Marcin Wadowita Junior High School and Secondary School for Boys in Wadowice, from which he graduated with excellent grades. After passing his secondary school finals, he started studying Polish language and literature at the Faculty of Philosophy of the Jagiellonian University. During the studies he participated in the meetings of the Catholic Association of Young Men where he came across the texts of St. John of the Cross which strongly influenced his spiritual and intellectual development. In 1942 he joined the clandestine theological seminary in Krakow. He was ordained priest by Cardinal Stefan Sapieha on 1 November 1946.

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Jacek Woroniecki

Jacek Adam Woroniecki – a Polish priest, a Dominican, theologian, pedagogue, philosopher, Scholastic, ethicist and moralist. He was born on 21 December 1878 in Lublin and died on 18 May 1949 in Krakow. In 1892 he started attending the 4th Junior High School and Secondary School for Boys in Warsaw. Then he studied natural science, as well as theology and philosophy in the Swiss Fribourg. After obtaining the bachelor’s degree in theology, he joined the Theological Seminary in Lublin. In 1909 he defended his doctoral thesis on theology at the University of Fribourg, and then he joined the Dominican order, fulfilling the novitiate in San Domenico di Fiesole near Florence. In 1911, in Dusseldorf, he took perpetual vows. In 1914 he started giving lectures on ethics at the Dominican monastery in Krakow. In 1919 he was given the post of the professor of moral theology and ethics at the Catholic University of Lublin (KUL). In 1922-1924 he performed the function of the rector of KUL, and in 1928 he became a vice-rector of that university.

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Zofia J. Zdybicka

Zofia Józefa Zdybicka – a female philosopher, university teacher, noun, and a founder of a new concept of the philosophy of religion referring to the classical metaphysical realism. She worked in close cooperation with Mieczysław A. Krąpiec, Karol Wojtyła (St. John Paul II) and Stanisław Kamiński. In 1948 she joined the Congregation of the Ursuline Sisters of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus. She occupied responsible posts in the Congregation’s General Council and in 1983–2003 she was the superior of its Lublin Centre. She performed didactic, administrative and editorial work at the Catholic University of Lublin (KUL), including the work of the dean of the Faculty of Christian Philosophy in 1986–1987 and 1990–1999. She was one of the greatest metaphysicians and philosophers of religion; in Poland she was the actual founder of that, still new, field of study. She taught several generations of students who continue the traditions of the Lublin Philosophical School. She retired in 2000.

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